Headquartered in Boston, Fidelity is one of the largest mutual fund companies and the leading provider of workplace savings plans in the nation. Since 2005, Fidelity has offered a Health Savings Account to companies and organizations that have their defined contribution plan(s) recordkept by Fidelity. Previously, only individuals who were employed by these companies and organizations were eligible to open a Fidelity HSA, but as of November 15, 2018, individuals can now self-enroll.
for Fidelity as an investment vehicle
The ideal investment HSA has no investment threshold, allowing the very first dollar you contribute to be invested. If you're using an HSA for investment purposes, seek an administrator that doesn’t hold your dollars hostage in a checking account earning little to no interest.
Fidelity has no investment threshold requirement. Fidelity is one of five administrators in our study that allows first dollar investing.
Fidelity HSAs are brokerage accounts, giving you the option to invest in a wide variety of investment options depending on your investment objective, time horizon, and risk tolerance—including commission-free low-cost index funds, 265 commission-free ETFs, Treasuries, CDs, stocks, bonds, mutual funds and more.
Fidelity zero expense ratio and zero investment minimum index mutual funds are an index-investor’s dream come true. Fidelity ZERO Large Cap Index Fund (FNILX), Fidelity ZERO Extended Market Index Fund (FZIPX), Fidelity ZERO Total Market Index Fund (FZROX) and Fidelity ZERO International Index Fund (FZILX) are all free and carry no investment minimums.
In order to automate investments, you must already have an investment in any mutual fund in which you would like to automatically invest. There are no transaction fees for automatic investments into Fidelity funds or FundsNetwork® No Transaction Fee (NTF) funds. For all other funds, there is a $5 fee for each automatic investment.
For HSA investors who want a little guidance, Fidelity created a list of funds specifically for them. They’re professionally selected for HSA investing, all with waived investment minimums and no transaction fees. Here is the list of funds offered by Fidelity.
Overall, we really like the investment lineup, which is composed of 37 funds, with the majority, not surprisingly coming from the Fidelity family. Low-cost index funds are available for every major asset class. Our only qualm with the lineup is the number of funds offered (probably too many), and the fact that only one of the fixed income funds is an index fund.
Fidelity offers participants an FDIC-insured, interest-bearing account. Interest bearing accounts make sense for participants who are uneasy about investing their HSA dollars in the equity markets. The interest rate available on different balances is as follows.
Another option for participants wanting to park money in safe interest accruing products are brokered CDs. Fidelity participants are able to access brokered CDs via the self-directed brokerage account. Brokered CDs are issued by banks but bought and sold through a brokerage. We strongly encourage you to conduct your own due diligence on brokered CDs to see if they make sense for you. Check out our article on brokered CD’s if you want to learn more about them.
In our study of the top 10 investment HSAs, Fidelity ranks as the lowest cost provider. They charge no fees. An HSA investors dream come true.
In this section, we have a little fun projecting fees for each administrator. Our goal for this exercise was to find the lowest possible fees for each administrator. Keep in mind, we assumed the HSA was being used solely for investment purposes, therefore only certain fees applied. Given that every HSA is different, there is no perfect way to compare the top 10 administrators in our study. Nonetheless, we gave it a shot and believe there is value in presenting our findings.
In order to compare fees, we made a few simple assumptions:
Every dollar above the investment threshold was invested.
Current and future contributions were invested in a single fund.
No transaction fee (NTF) or commission-free ETF programs were utilized to buy the index funds.
If these index funds were not available under the NTF and/or commission-free ETF programs, we turned to the open market and executed a single trade per calendar year in order to keep transaction costs down.
For Fidelity we made the following assumptions:
Every dollar was invested in FZROX (expense ratio 0.00%)
Annual Administrative Fee: $0
Annual Investment Fee: $0
No administrative fee, no investment fee and no expense ratio fee all add up to zero HSA investment fees.
The following chart illustrates where Fidelity stands in terms of fees compared to the other top investment HSA administrators.
Fidelity ranks as the lowest cost provider among the top 10 investment HSAs in our study.
In our search for the very best investment HSAs, we looked for administrators that offered a hassle-free investment experience. Fidelity makes it incredibly easy for HSA investors to manage their account with its intuitive website, automated account transfers, and a receipt storage tool for "shoeboxers".
Pros & Cons
A Fidelity HSA may be right for you if:
You are comfortable directing your own investments and desire a broad variety of investment options, such as mutual funds, ETFs, stocks, and bonds
You are satisfied with the investment options in the Fideility commission-free ETF list
You desire first dollar investing
You desire an online receipt storage tool