Headquartered in Boston, Fidelity is one of the largest mutual fund companies and the leading provider of workplace savings plans in the nation. Since 2005, Fidelity has offered a Health Savings Account to companies and organizations that have their defined contribution plan(s) recordkept by Fidelity. Previously, only individuals who were employed by these companies and organizations were eligible to open a Fidelity HSA, but as of November 15, 2018, individuals can now self-enroll. Fidelity’s HSA business services 1 million accounts, and custodies over $4.1 Billion in assets.
Report Card for Fidelity
as an Investment Vehicle
The ideal investment HSA has no investment threshold, allowing the very first dollar you contribute to be invested. If you're using an HSA for investment purposes, seek an administrator that doesn’t hold your dollars hostage in a checking account earning little to no interest.
Fidelity has no investment threshold requirement. Fidelity is one of five administrators in our study that allows first dollar investing.
Fidelity provides a menu of investment options to meet the needs of different types of investors. For account owners looking for a broad range of choice, Fidelity offers a full brokerage platform with access to more than 10,000 investment options.
Via a Fidelity brokerage account, HSA investors have the opportunity to invest in a wide variety of investment options depending on your investment objective, time horizon, and risk tolerance—including commission-free low-cost index funds, 500+ commission-free ETFs, Treasuries, CDs, stocks, bonds, mutual funds and more.
The best deal in terms of fees that one can access via a Fidelity brokerage account are the Fidelity zero expense ratio and zero investment minimum index mutual funds. They are an index-investor’s dream come true. Fidelity ZERO Large Cap Index Fund (FNILX), Fidelity ZERO Extended Market Index Fund (FZIPX), Fidelity ZERO Total Market Index Fund (FZROX) and Fidelity ZERO International Index Fund (FZILX) are all free and carry no investment minimums.
In order to automate investments, you must already have an investment in any mutual fund in which you would like to automatically invest. There are no transaction fees for automatic investments into Fidelity funds or FundsNetwork® No Transaction Fee (NTF) funds. For all other funds, there is a $5 fee for each automatic investment.
For those who want a “do-it-myself” solution, but seek a simplified set of options, Fidelity introduced the Fidelity HSA Funds to Consider, a curated list of 37 active and passive fund options with zero account minimums. This list is selected and monitored by Fidelity’s investment professionals, and includes single fund solutions such as target date funds as well as individual asset class options. Here is the list of funds offered by Fidelity.
Overall, we really like the investment lineup, which is composed of 37 funds, with the majority, not surprisingly coming from the Fidelity family. Altogether 6 different fund families are represented in the lineup. In the chart below you can see the number of offerings from each fund family.
The table below displays the number of funds offered for each asset class in the Fidelity investment lineup.
At the The HSA Report Card we are big proponents of passive index investing and thus rate highly administrators that offer low-cost index funds for each of the major asset classes. In the table above, you can see that index funds are available for every major asset class.
How expensive are the funds in the Fidelity investment lineup?
As you can see in the chart below, Fidelity offers participants some reasonably priced funds when compared to the other 8 administrators with pre-selected investment lineups in our study.
Fidelity offers participants an FDIC-insured, interest-bearing account. Interest bearing accounts make sense for participants who are uneasy about investing their HSA dollars in the equity markets. The interest rate available on different balances is as follows.
Another option for participants wanting to park money in safe interest accruing products are brokered CDs. Fidelity participants are able to access brokered CDs via the self-directed brokerage account. Brokered CDs are issued by banks but bought and sold through a brokerage. We strongly encourage you to conduct your own due diligence on brokered CDs to see if they make sense for you. Check out our article on brokered CD’s if you want to learn more about them.
Fidelity does not charge any account transactions fees or any separate account fee to invest.
In our study of the top 10 investment HSAs, Fidelity ranks as the lowest cost provider. They charge no fees. An HSA investors dream come true.
In this section, we have a little fun projecting fees for each administrator. Our goal for this exercise was to find the lowest possible fees for each administrator. Keep in mind, we assumed the HSA was being used solely for investment purposes, therefore only certain fees applied. Given that every HSA is different, there is no perfect way to compare the top 10 administrators in our study. Nonetheless, we gave it a shot and believe there is value in presenting our findings.
In order to compare fees, we made a few simple assumptions:
Every dollar above the investment threshold was invested.
Current and future contributions were invested in a single fund.
No transaction fee (NTF) or commission-free ETF programs were utilized to buy the index funds.
If these index funds were not available under the NTF and/or commission-free ETF programs, we turned to the open market and executed a single trade per calendar year in order to keep transaction costs down.
For Fidelity we made the following assumptions:
Every dollar was invested in FZROX (expense ratio 0.00%)
Annual Administrative Fee: $0
Annual Investment Fee: $0
No administrative fee, no investment fee and no expense ratio fee all add up to zero HSA investment fees.
The following chart illustrates where Fidelity stands in terms of fees compared to the other top investment HSA administrators.
Fidelity ranks as the lowest cost provider among the top 10 investment HSAs in our study.
In our search for the very best investment HSAs, we looked for administrators that offered a hassle-free investment experience. Fidelity makes it incredibly easy for HSA investors to manage their account with its intuitive website, automated account transfers, and a receipt storage tool for "shoeboxers".
Personal Finance App Integrations
Pros & Cons
A Fidelity HSA may be right for you if:
You are comfortable directing your own investments and desire a broad variety of investment options, such as mutual funds, ETFs, stocks, and bonds
You are satisfied with the investment options in the Fideility commission-free ETF list
You desire first dollar investing
You desire an online receipt storage tool